On the 24th November Home Secretary Theresa May announced new legislation aimed at protecting the United Kingdom against terrorism.

IMG_0357The assumption is that British jihadists who have been fighting with IS in Syria or Iraq will return to the UK and carry out similar brutal acts on the streets of London or Liverpool.


When the Syrian uprising in the spring of 2011 broke out into civil war between Government forces and the ‘rebels’, the United States, Britain an other European countries came out in support of the opposition groups in their struggle to topple President Bashar al Assad. It quickly became apparent that the ‘rebels’ were made up of disparate groups, each with its own agenda.

Post: The Importance of Hadith in Islam

The militant group that calls itself ‘Islamic State’, otherwise known as IS, is terrorising innocent people across Syria and Iraq and threatening the stability of the region.  The group professes to be following a ‘pure’ form of Islam that is founded upon the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad and the early generations of Muslims.

In a forthcoming book, Making Sense of Militant Islam, I explore the roots of this extremism starting from the early Islamic period through to today.

The following is a short excerpt from Chapter One that looks at the importance of Hadith (sayings of the Prophet).  My suggestion is that groups such as IS lift selective texts from the Qur’an to justify their brutal acts without reference to the historical context, the Hadith or a long tradition of Islamic scholarship.


Our politicians frequently speak of ‘British Values’, a phrase that has always puzzled me. What exactly are ‘British Values’ and how do these differ from those that most nations aspire to?
Two incidents have occurred in recent weeks that have prompted me to ask the question again.

Post: A Muddled Agenda

On Friday 26th September the British Government voted to join the United States, France and other allied countries in the war against the so-called Islamic State, otherwise known as ISIS or ISIL (Islamic State of Syria and the Levant). Up until this point British action was confined to ‘reconnaissance’ activities. We are told that the aim of the allied action is to ‘hold back’ further ISIL advances as a first step towards the complete eradication of this terror group.

But there are major problems.

Post: An Impossible Resolution?

On the 24th September 2014 President Barack Obama chaired a high-level summit meeting of the United Nations Security Council. The 15-member body gathered to discuss the growing number of foreign fighters travelling to Syria and Iraq to join ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), ANF (Al-Nusrah Front) and other groups associated with Al Qaeda.

Post: Justification for ‘Holy War’

Those who advocate killing others in the context of a ‘Holy War’ often seek justification for their acts in religious texts.

 In the light of the recent rise of extreme groups such as IS (Islamic State), I have looked into some of these texts myself.   The following forms Chapter Three of  Abraham’s Children: Jew Christian Muslim, Commonality and Conflict.

Throughout the history of humankind there have been wars, despite all the horrors that follow in their wake. As a consequence of these horrors, whether individual death and suffering, destruction of wholesale communities, or widespread ecological damage, war has never been embarked upon lightly. Apart from being assured of reasonable success, rulers needed to have good reason or a just cause, for taking their people into battle. In other words, when is it justifiable to take up arms against an enemy? Furthermore, once engaged in battle, what are the ethics of war? What weapons should be used and how? How should property, prisoners, non-combatants and particularly women and children be treated?

In response to these questions there has developed in all traditions a ‘Just War Theory’.

New Publication:

ABRAHAM’S CHILDREN: Jew Christian Muslim Commonality and Conflict cover 11.7

This book attempts to show how close Judaism, Christianity and Islam are in terms of their history and beliefs.

It has been written mainly for those who are less familiar with Islam and so there is an emphasis on the early Islamic history. However, it is hoped that readers of all Faiths or none, may find the content of interest, particularly in the present climate where an understanding of the history of Islam is important.

Post: The Crime Against Women

On the 14th April 250 schoolgirls were kidnapped from their school in North Eastern Nigeria by the radical Islamist group Boko Haram. They are still held in captivity. In the past week a further three cases of atrocities against women have been reported by the world media.

Post: Saints and Relics: Past and Present

It seems that the power of sainthood and relics still has a hold over billions of people today, despite the Reformation of the 16th Century. The veneration of, and trade in relics was one of the main criticisms that Martin Luther and his followers made of the Catholic Church.

Lecture: The Legacy of Martin Luther


When Martin Luther, a German monk, priest and theologian pinned his Ninety-Five Theses on the door of Wittenberg Church in 1517, he little knew what he was unleashing.

The act eventually led to the Protestant Reformation, which would split the Western Church in two, lead to widespread social upheaval and eventually war. It also changed the face of central Europe forever.

Lecture: The Copts of Egypt

monastery copy

According to tradition, St Mark the Evangelist travelled to Egypt where he founded the Coptic Church in the First Century.

At this time the Church came under severe persecution from the Roman Empire and it is in this context that the first monasteries were founded in the deserts of Egypt.

This talk traces the history of the Coptic Church, monasticism and the life of the desert fathers, all brought to life with the aid of paintings, icons and frescoes.


History Repeats Itself

In recent years we have seen history repeating itself at a rapid rate. Today we are witnessing perhaps the fourth attempt at regime change in as many years, all backed by the ‘West’. After Iraq, Libya and Syria we now have Ukraine. And we could add Egypt. In the process we are seeing a legitimate, though admittedly corrupt, Government replaced by instability and violence.

Latest book reviews

The books are now selling quite well and seem to be especially popular with people who attend the corresponding lecture. Here is a sample of some of the reviews received on Amazon.

The Battle of the Camel continues

As the opposing sides in the Syrian Civil War face each other across a table in Geneva I am reminded of a similar event over thirteen hundred years ago in a desert near Basra in Iraq.

On the 7th November 656 AD the Islamic community faced the prospect of Muslim fighting Muslim for the first time in its history. The forces of Ali, the fourth Caliph, faced a rebel army led by the Prophet’s wife Aisha. The issue that brought them into conflict involved the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman.