The Holy Roman Empire: Power, Politics and the Papacy

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Voltaire famously said that ‘the Holy Roman Empire was neither Holy, nor Roman nor an Empire’.

In this he was right. How then did this ‘federation’ of European principalities and kingdoms with no imperial city and constantly shifting alliances and boundaries, come to be described as such?  Furthermore, how did it manage to survive for some 1,000 years?

The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

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The Ottoman Empire lasted from AD 1299 until AD 1923; a period of over six hundred years.

For much of this time the entire region of the Eastern Mediterranean came under Ottoman Muslim rule. The first three centuries were a time of energy and expansion.

From the Medes to the Mullahs: a History of Iran

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The history of Iran, or Persia, is rich and complex.

 It is a history that is perhaps unknown, forgotten or ignored by many people who look at today’s Islamic Republic of Iran.

Author and Lecturer



Welcome to my website and I hope you will find something of interest.

As long as I can remember I have been interested in history and the religions of the world. This led me to studying both topics for my first degree and later a doctorate. For many years I worked with the Church of England in the capacity of Adviser in Inter Religious Relations. During this time I was also involved in a youth exchange programme with young Jews, Christians and Muslims in East London and Israel and in recognition of this I was made a Lay Canon of Chelmsford Cathedral.

Since then I have given many lectures on cruise ships and around the United Kingdom on the general theme of history. I am particularly interested in how historical events are influenced by religious ideas and how some of these themes are still with us today.

I have often been asked, when giving a lecture, if I have ever written anything. This was to be the inspiration for my first attempt at writing a book. I have now just published my eighth book on a History of Russia and about to commence on a History of China.

Occasionally I will post a short article on this site.  These will refer to a current event that relates to either the lectures or books.  If you would like to comment on any of these posts, please use the contact form.

Here are some samples of my Lectures and details of my latest Books

Please take a look.